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DIPLODOCUS  carnegii

Diplodocus carnegii

Oil painting : 28" x  21"


Diplodocus was one of the largest dinosaurs ever discovered. It was the longest land animal, but not the heaviest. It was a  sauropod, a "lizard-hipped" dinosaur. Diplodocus carnegii was named after industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. This sauropod was the most famous dinosaur on the planet in the last century. There is a famous life-size replica of the Diplodocus nicknamed "Dippy" in front of the Carnegie Museum of National History (Pittsburgh, PA, USA). Diplodocus was a herbivore, it ate only plants; main food was probably conifers. It must have eaten an enormous amount of plants each day. It didn't chew them, it swallowed leaves whole. It swallowed also stones (gastroliths), which it held in its stomach. They helped by digesting tough 
plant material. Diplodocus may have traveled in herds, migrating when the food supply was depleted. It probably bred from eggs, like other sauropods. 
It is thought, that the eggs were laid as the dinosaur was walking.
This sauropod was a huge creature with an extremely long neck and a long, whip-like tail. Most of this herbivorous animals length was in the neck and tail. Diplodocus had an elongated snout with nostrils on top of the head and simple peg like teeth for stripping soft foliage. It had one of the smallest brains (the size of fist), its intelligence was among the lowest of the dinosaurs.
The name Diplodocus means "double beam" and describes a special feature of the backbone. It had slender limbs and hind legs, longer than the front legs; it gave him access to both low and high growing plants. It was a quadrupedal, it moved slowly on four column-like legs. All legs had five-toed (like elephant); one toe on each foot had a thumb claw, probably for protection.

TIME - 150MYA, Late Jurassic period.
RANGE - USA Colorado, Montana, Utah and Wyoming.
SIZE - Averaged 88ft (27m).
WEIGHT - 11 US tons.  

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